Policy Papers

Albanian Brain Drain: Turning the Tide

Author: megi / Date: 19-02-2015

Albanian Brain Drain: Turning the Tide
AIIS

The research report addresses the brain drain phenomenon in Albania. The research report concludes that the brain drain phenomenon is delaying the Albanian transition to democracy and market economy. The report concludes with a number of recommendations on how to encourage the return of the Albanians educated abroad and assist their professional integration in Albanian society. 

Early Warning Report: Human Security in Albania

Author: megi / Date: 19-02-2015

Early Warning Report: Human Security in Albania
AIIS

The Albania Early Warning Report develops an analytical tool to evaluate human security in the Albanian context. Human security is a very broad concept that encompasses economic, social, and political security and determines human development. The report focuses on the poverty and unemployment, rule of law and corruption, crime and personal security, natural disasters, and pollution, and their impact on human security and development. The paper studies also, the energy crisis in 2004, and its repercussions on the economic development and the daily life of citizens.

“Gjakmarrja”: Albanian Highlander’s “Blood Feud” as a Social Obligation

Author: megi / Date: 19-02-2015

“Gjakmarrja”: Albanian Highlander’s “Blood Feud” as a Social Obligation
Diana Gellçi

“Blood feuds” or “vendettas” are a mode of self-governance, generally attributed to the weakness of the state to enforce law and provide security. In the case of the Albanian Highlands, however, the blood feud developed into a complex social structure enforced by unwritten rules known as the Kanun. The working paper is a detailed analysis of “gjakmarrja” and sheds light on the esoteric character that the practice. 

Increasing Transparency at the Local Level

Author: megi / Date: 19-02-2015

Increasing Transparency at the Local Level
AIIS

The report focuses on measuring the perceptions of the Albanians on their local authorities, their legitimacy, efficacy, and corruption. It reveals that the legitimacy of the local authorities was higher than that of the central institutions, including members of the parliament. However, their low efficacy and the high level of corruption challenged their legitimacy. The report concluded that transparency was a major factor that could fight corruption and improve the legitimacy of the local authorities

Enhancing Transparency of Political Parties and Election Campaign Finance in Albania

Author: megi / Date: 19-02-2015

Enhancing Transparency of Political Parties and Election Campaign Finance in Albania
AIIS

The financial transparency of political parties in their day-to-day operations and during their electoral campaigns is one of the elements of a healthy and sustainable democracy. The policy paper analyses the specific case of Albania and focuses on the contemporary developments in the area of party financing. The paper explores the legal deficiencies of the existing Albanian legislation, its implementation problems, and the dynamics of the interplay between politics and business. 

Local Governance and Corruption: The Case of Albania, The Decentralization Strategy from the Anti-Corruption Perspective

Author: megi / Date: 19-02-2015

Local Governance and Corruption: The Case of Albania, The Decentralization Strategy from the Anti-Corruption Perspective
AIIS

The paper analyzes the decentralization issues from the perspective of corruption in order to warn that unless this trend is reversed, corrupt practices may become “institutionalized” in local authorities and threaten the purpose of decentralization- bringing government closer to citizens. 

Albanian Democratization: In search of Accountability

Author: megi / Date: 19-02-2015

Albanian Democratization: In search of Accountability
AIIS

The report examines how to increase accountability of national and local authorities. The report examines six variables- electoral processes, political parties, international community, civil society, media, and corruption- and how they affect accountability and identifies some of the major failures of the Albanian political system. The report concludes that Albania is far from being a consolidated democracy and provides specific policy recommendations for each examined variable. 

Debating National Security: The Case of Albania, Border Security, Religion and Corruption

Author: megi / Date: 19-02-2015

Debating National Security: The Case of Albania, Border Security, Religion and Corruption
AIIS

The report is the outcome of the project “National security Issues- Promoting Civil Society Participation and Expertise”. The book analyzes several issues on national security namely: border security, national security and religion, and corruption. 

Democratic Governance at the Local Level: The Case of Albania

Author: megi / Date: 19-02-2015

Democratic Governance at the Local Level: The Case of Albania
AIIS

The object of the report is to study how participation, decentralisation, and economic independence can increase the transparency, responsiveness, accountability, and the efficiency of local authorities. 
 

Albania: A Weak Democracy, A Weak State

Author: megi / Date: 19-02-2015

Albania: A Weak Democracy, A Weak State
Kajsiu, B., Bumçi, A., Rakipi, A., AIIS.

Ten years after the fall of Communism, Albania remains an unstable democracy. The country is still recovering from the 1997-1998 crises and lagging behind the other former Communist countries. The book is an attempt by the analysts of the Albanian Institute for International Studies (AIIS) to identify some of the main challenges faced by the Albanian society. The book offers some recommendations on how to overcome the problems.

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